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Full text of "TRS-80 Manual: Agri-Calc Feeder Pig Module (1982)(The Micro Group)"

Agri-Calc 

FEEDER PIG MODULE 




A Profit Analysis Program showing price relationships based 
on seventeen actual or estimated feeder pig finishing factors. 



ADVANCED OPERATING SYSTEMS 



NOTE: SPECIAL BINDER FEATURE 




Lay Flat or Stand-Up 



LIMITED WARRANTY 

For a period of ninety (90) days from the date of original purchase at retail, the warrantor, iden- 
tified below, warrants this software to load and run as a basic program for the indicated microcom- 
puter model, to be free from defects in material and workmanship and to be merchantable and 
suitable for its stated purpose for the period of this warranty. This warranty may not be enlarged ex- 
cept in writing, signed by warrantor. A Customer Registration Card is enclosed in this package. 
Please complete and return the Card to the warrantor within thirty (30) days. THE WARRANTOR 
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY INCLUDING THE WARRANTY OF 
MERCHANTABILITY AND THE WARRANTY THAT THE SOFTWARE IS SUITABLE FOR ITS 
STATED PURPOSE AS OF THE DATE NINETY (90) DAYS FROM THE ORIGINAL PURCHASE 
OF THE SOFTWARE AT RETAIL. 

In the event of defect, malfunction or failure of the software to conform with this warranty, the 
warrantor will repair or replace the software at no cost to you. For warranty service, you should 
return the software to the warrantor, ADVANCED OPERATING SYSTEMS, A Division of Howard 
W. Sams & Co., Inc., 450 St. John Road, Suite 792, Michigan City, IN 46360. Software received 
damaged as a result of shipping will require you to file a claim with the carrier. This warranty gives 
you specific legal rights and you may also have some other rights which vary from state to state. 

THIS WARRANTY IS LIMITED SOLELY TO THE ABOVE AND THIS WARRANTY AND ANY 
WARRANTIES IMPLIED BY STATE LAW WILL APPLY ONLY FOR THE PERIOD SET FORTH. 
(SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY 
LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.) THE WARRANTOR 
WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS, DAMAGE, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL 
DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, WHETHER BASED UPON WARRANTY, CONTRACT OR 
NEGLIGENCE, AND ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THE SALE, USE OR REPAIR OF THE 
SOFTWARE. (SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF IN- 
CIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLU- 
SION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.) UNLESS OTHERWISE CONTRARY TO STATE LAW 
GOVERNING THE PURCHASE, THE WARRANTOR'S LIABILITY SHALL NOT IN ANY CASE 
EXCEED THE CONTRACT PRICE FOR THE SOFTWARE CLAIMED TO BE DEFECTIVE OR 
UNSUITABLE. 

WARNING: THE UNAUTHORIZED USE, REPRODUCTION OR 
DUPLICATION OF THIS MATERIAL, OR ITS PUBLIC PERFORMANCE 
OR DISPLAY, BY ANY MEANS IN ANY MEDIA FOR ANY PURPOSE, 
WHETHER IN WHOLE OR IN PART, IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED. 
VIOLATORS WILL BE SUBJECT TO ALL CIVIL AND CRIMINAL 
PENALTIES. 



ADVANCED OPERATING SYSTEMS 

A Division of Howard W. Sams & Co., Inc. 

450 St. John Road-Suite 792 

Michigan City, IN 46360 



Agri-Calc 

FEEDER PIG MODULE 

by Jack O. Beasley 



Copyright © 1982 The Micro Group, Inc. 

All Rights Reserved 



Feeder Pig 
LOADING INSTRUCTIONS 



If you own a TRS-80* Model I, all you have to do to run the Feeder Pig 
Profit Analysis Program is to put the program disk in drive and press 
the reset button on the left rear of the keyboard unit. The Feeder Pig 
program will automatically load itself from the disk and run. 

If you own a TRS-80 Model III, you will have to convert the program so 
that it will run on your machine. To do this, place a TRSDOS* system 
disk with plenty of free space on it in drive and the Feeder Pig program 
disk in drive 1. In response to the "TRSDOS Ready" prompt, type 
"CONVERT" and press . When the computer asks you for the 

"Source Drive", type ; when it asks you for the "Destination 

Drive", type . It will now automatically transfer all of the files 

you need from the Feeder Pig program disk to the TRSDOS disk in 
drive 0. After this is finished (when you see "TRSDOS Ready" again), 
type "AUTO DO BEGIN", press , and wait until the disk drive 

stops turning. Now to run the Feeder Pig Profit Analysis Program all 
you have to do is place the disk you transferred the Feeder Pig program 
to in drive and press the orange reset button to the right of the 
numeric keypad on the keyboard. The Feeder Pig program will auto- 
matically load itself from the disk and run. If you use an operating 
system other than TRSDOS on your Model III, you will need to look up 
how to convert a Model I disk to run on your operating system in your 
user's manual. To use the Feeder Pig program after you have converted 
it, enter BASIC with one file buffer reserved, load the file PIG from the 
disk, type "RUN" and press 

Remember, you should make a backup copy of your Feeder Pig pro- 
gram disk as soon as possible and put the original away for safe- 
keeping. If you are using a Model III, you can make as many copies as 
you need through the CONVERT procedure described above. If you 
are using a Model I, after you have loaded the Feeder Pig program from 
the disk, press the key (on the upper right corner of the 

keyboard). When you see "READY" and a ">" sign, type "CMD" and 
press . The disk drive will come on again and after a few 

seconds you will see some information at the top of the screen, followed 



by the words "DOS PLUS". Now type "BACKUP" and press 
After the computer reads from the disk again it will ask you for a 
"source drive number". If your Feeder Pig Program disk is in drive 0, 
answer 0. Then it will ask you for a "destination drive number", which is 
the number of the drive that you are going to copy Feeder Pig to (if you 
have only one disk drive, this will be too). Then type in the date in the 
form that the computer shows you on the screen (for instance, April 5, 
1982 would be "04/05/82"). The computer will now copy the Feeder 
Pig Program disk to another disk. If you have only one disk drive, you 
will have to switch the two disks several times. The computer will tell 
you when to switch them. (Remember, the original Feeder Pig program 
disk is the "source disk" and the other disk is the "destination disk".) 
After the computer is through making the copy, you should use the new 
Feeder Pig disk (the one you copied to) and put the original away in a 
safe place. Simply place the copy in drive and press the reset button, 
just like before. 



'TRS-80 and TRSDOS are trademarks of Tandy Corporation. 



TABLE OF 
CONTENTS 




FEEDER PIG MODULE 



INTRODUCTION 9 

What the Feeder Pig Program is designed for. 

CHAPTER 1: Overview 11 

Overall view of what the program does for you. 

CHAPTER 2: Running the Program (Tutorial) 13 

Step-by-step procedure for running the program. 

CHAPTER 3: Print Input Form and Enter Input Data 23 

How to get the necessary data into the computer. 

CHAPTER 4: Change Data 35 

Changing data made easy. 

CHAPTER 5: Data Report .... 37 

Seeing your input data in print. 

CHAPTER 6: Prolt/Loss Report .39 

Getting the results. 



CHAPTER 7: Alternative Price Relationships 45 

Dynamic view of your operation. 

CHAPTER 8: What-If? 49 

Now you can ask "What-If?" and find out. 

CHAPTER 9: Save and Load Data 55 

Saving your data and reports for later use. 

INDEX 57 



FEEDER PIG 



INTRODUCTION 



The "Feeder Pig Profit Analysis" computer program is designed to be 
used with your personal computer as a model of your particular hog 
producing operation. This model will aid you in evaluating the profit- 
ability of finishing feeder pigs. You will specify various input data, such 
as purchase and selling prices, feed prices, etc. With this information, 
the program will present a number of reports such as profit analysis and 
break-even selling and buying prices. The program also gives you a 
complete "What-If?" capability that allows you to analyze completely 
the effect any data item has on profit, cost of money, value of corn, and 
break-even buying and selling prices. 

You should use this documentation with the Feeder Pig Program. The 
following chapters explain all the capabilities of the program. Chapter 1 
is an overview of the program and gives you a summary of what the 
program can accomplish. Chapter 2 is a tutorial that will take you 
through all the functions of the program in a step-by-step procedure. 
Work through this tutorial to gain hands-on experience in running the 
program. 

Chapters 3 through 9 give you detailed explanations of all the functions 
the program can perform. Detailed explanations of the input and output 
data are given along with complete discussions of the various reports 
and charts. Please read the material carefully in order to understand the 
full capabilities of the program. While reading this documentation, you 
will also learn how to interpret the various charts and reports. 

The Feeder Pig Program is patterned after programs developed by 
some of the leading agricultural universities. This type of farm manage- 
ment program has been used successfully on larger computer terminals 
associated with numerous Cooperative Extension Services. The 
validity of the program has been well tested but it depends on the data 
that you enter. You should understand how the program uses your data 
so that you will know what data it needs. 

We hope you will enjoy and profit from using this program. 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 1 
OVERVIEW 



The Feeder Pig Profit Analysis computer program was developed to 
assist the hog producer in evaluating the profitability of finishing feeder 
pigs. Producers need to know how much they can afford to pay for 
feeder pigs based upon expected future market hog prices. They need 
to know what price they would need to receive for market hogs if they 
paid the current market price for feeder pigs. They also need to know 
how much their money would be worth if invested elsewhere. It is good 
business to estimate the profit potentials carefully before buying 
feeders. Profits cannot be predicted with certainty, but it is possible to 
estimate the price necessary to recover the cost of the animal, feed, and 
other expenses incurred in the production of market hogs. 

The break-even selling price can be compared with the expected future 
market hog price to help the operator decide whether a purchase would 
be profitable. Using the expected future market hog price and the 
expense data already in the computer, the highest price that should be 
bid for feeder pigs can be calculated. 

On entering market information, costs, production information, and a 
ration program, the program will produce various reports that will aid 
the producer in making a profit analysis of his operation. One of the 
reports presents a budget (actual P/L report if data is based on past 
actual figures) of the income and expenses per head, per hundred 
weight sold, and per hundred weight of gain. This report also outputs 
the total costs and profits based upon how many hogs are planned for 
raising. Also included is the cost of money invested in the operation 
over the planned feeding period. Another report contains information 
on the effect that alternative price relationships have on profits. 
Alternative sale prices for market hogs, purchase prices for feeder pigs, 
and corn prices are used to calculate the break-even feeder pig and 
market hog prices. The program also calculates the value of the corn 
fed to hogs under various combinations of purchase and sale price. 

One distinct advantage the computer has is its ability to do very fast 
calculations and recalculations. The Feeder Pig Profit Analysis 



FEEDER PIG 



Program takes full advantage of this capability in the "What-If?" section. 
This part of the program allows you to select any one of the seventeen 
data items, change its value and observe the resulting change in the net 
profit, cost of money, value of corn, break-even buying prices, and 
break-even selling prices of the complete operation. In other words, you 
have the ability to see at a glance the net profit and the percent change 
from the original net profit resulting from a particular change in any of 
the input data. This ability is also available for the cost of money, value 
of corn, break-even buying prices, and break-even selling prices. 

In summary, the Feeder Pig Profit Analysis Program constructs a 
dynamic computer model of your own feeder pig operation. It allows 
you to change any or all of the items in order to see how they effect 
various results such as profit, cost of money, break -even selling and 
buying prices, and the value of corn fed. 

With this dynamic model, you now have the basis for analyzing your 
particular operation at all times. This will allow you to make better 
decisions both before you set up your operation and after the operation 
is completed. 



12 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 2 
TUTORIAL (RUNNING THE PROGRAM) 



The purpose of this section is to familiarize you with running the Feeder 
Pig Profit Analysis Program from beginning to end. By following this 
step by step procedure, you will gain hands-on experience with all 
aspects of the program from entering data to printing out the various 
reports. You will proceed through all sections of the program, trying 
them one at a time. Don't worry if you do not completely understand 
every part. This will be picked up in later chapters. 



The Feeder Pig Program comes with default (example) data built-in. 
This means that every time you load the program into the computer, it 
will always be ready to run with this data. As you learn to operate the 
program, you will enter your own data which will override the default 
data. For this tutorial, the default data will be used throughout. From 
this data, the various reports will be created along with demonstrating 
all the functions of the program. The details of the inputs, reports, and 
charts are explained in Chapters 3 through 9. 



Tutorial 

Step 1. — Loading and Starting the Program 

The first step is to load the program into your computer. If you own a 
TRS-80 Model I, you can do this by putting the program disk into drive 
and pushing the reset button. The Feeder Pig Profit Analysis Program 
will automatically load itself and run. If you own a TRS-80 Model III, you 
will have to convert the program to run on your computer before you 
load it. See the Loading Instructions at the beginning of this manual to 
see how to do this. 



The program starts when you first see the header. This will last for a few 
seconds and then a new screen will appear showing the MAIN MENU. 



13 



FEEDER PIG 



->-»-» ->-»-»-»->->-»-»-»-»-»-M 

FEEDER PIG PROFIT AND LOBS ANALYSIS 
*-»->-»-> -»->->->->->->4->-»->->->-»->->^ -»-»-» -»->->-»->-> -»->-> 
MAIN MENU 
4-> -»-»-» •»->-»->->* 

A) PRINT INPUT FORM 

B) ENTER INPUT DATA 

C) CHANGE DATA 

D) DATA REPORT 

E) PROFIT ?< LOSS REPORT 

F) ALTERNATIVE PRICE RELATIONSHIPS 
S) WHAT- IF? 

H) SAVE &r LOAD DATA 

WHICH <A-H>? 

In all cases throughout this program, you will respond to questions 
simply by typing the answer where the cursor appears. When you have 
a nonflashing cursor and do not want to answer the question with new 
data, you can press the key and the computer will proceed to 

the next part of the program. Whatever was stored in the computer for 
that question will be retained. 

Remember always to press after entering data except 

when a flashing cursor appears where you are making menu 
choices. In this case, you only need to press a single key. 



Step 2. — The Main Menu 

The Main Menu gives you eight selections from which to choose. You 
will respond by pressing one of the keys from A to H. (When using the 
Main Menu, you do not need to press after pressing the letter.) 

As you go through this tutorial you will keep returning to the Main Menu 
for further selections. 



For the purpose of this tutorial, you will proceed through all eight 
selections. When you are more familiar with this program you may 
choose to skip some parts. 

As the first selection please press for "A) PRINT INPUT FORM"and 
proceed to Step 3. 



14 



FEEDER PIG 



Step 3. — Print Input Form 

After you have pressed from the Main Menu, the computer will 
respond with a message to set the printer head to the top of the paper. 
This will center the report on the paper and allow the printer to form 
feed to the top of the next page when the printing is complete. 

If your printer is already turned on, you will be instructed to press 
to proceed with the printing. If the printer is not turned on, you 
will be instructed to turn it on and press . In some cases, if the 

printer has the power switch turned off, the computer might respond 
with a "PRINTING" message for a few seconds and then return to the 
Main Menu. Simply turn the printer on and press from the Main 
Menu and proceed as before. 

The computer will respond to the correct procedure by printing a 
"FEEDER PIG PROFIT ANALYSIS INPUT DATA SHEET." An 
example of this form is shown in Fig. 3-1. The purpose of this form is to 
allow you to accumulate the needed input data before you run the 
program. Since this data may come from several sources, this form can 
be used to gather the data; however, if you already have the needed 
data at hand, the form will not be necessary. 

For the purpose of this tutorial, you may proceed without filling out the 
Input Data Form since we will be using default data already in the 
program. 

When the printer has completed printing the form, your computer will 
return you to the Main Menu at which time you may proceed to Step 4. 



Step 4. — Enter Input Data 

Pressing from the Main Menu will take you to the "ENTER INPUT 
DATA" sectiort of the program. This section allows you to enter all the 
data needed to allow the computer to produce the various reports. 
After you press from the Main Menu the computer screen will show 
the following: 



15 



FEEDER PIG 



ENTER INPUT DATA 
-»■»-♦•»-»-»-»■»-»-»-»-»->•»-»->-» 

PLEASE ENTER TODAY'S DATE (1/1/82) ? 

PLEASE ENTER YOUR NAHE 

OR 
THE NAME OF THE REPORT (AGRI-CALC) ? 

PLEASE ENTER THE NUMBER OF H06S YOU PLAN TO RAISE ( 100 > ? 

This information will appear on some of the reports. When you type in 
this information and press , a new screen will appear as fol- 

lows: 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE («/CWT) ( 52 ) ? 

The preceding screen gives the type of input data and the specific input 
data being requested. Details of the exact meaning of this input data are 
given in Chapter 5. During the first session after you have loaded the 
program, the number in the parenthesis is the default data that is built 
into the program. However, once you have entered your own data 
during a session and return to this section of the program, the number 
in the parenthesis will be the number you have entered. 

When you are entering your own data, you will simply type the required 
data at the cursor and then press . The next request for data 

will then appear on the screen. You will continue to answer the ques- 
tions until you are automatically returned to the Main Menu. 

For the purpose of this tutorial, you will allow the default data to be 
retained simply by pressing when requests for data are made. 

This will allow the default data to remain. Even when you enter your 
own data, the default data will not be lost but will be put back into the 
computer when the program is reloaded. 

After you have answered all the questions (by pressing for this 

tutorial), the computer will automatically return you to the Main Menu 
where you may proceed with Step 5. 



16 



FEEDER PIG 



Step 5. — Data Report 

This section will allow you to review the data in the computer and to 
print a record of this data for future use. Pressing from the Main 
Menu will cause the following screen to appear: 

INPUT DATA REPORT 

A) PRINT TO PRINTER 

B) PRINT TO SCREEN 

C) MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-C>? 

Selecting II from the above menu will show you the first section of the 
Data Report on the screen. Since the computer screen can show only 
16 lines at a time, you can look at the report one section at a time and 
"turn the page" to the next section simply by pressing . (Press 

to return to the Main Menu.) After you view the last section, the 
computer will automatically return you to the above menu. 



Selecting jjj from the above menu lets you print out the report. The 
computer will ask you to set your printer to the top of the paper and 
turn your printer on, if it is not on already. When this is done, press 
and the printer will proceed to print the full Input Data Report 
that should look like the one shown in Fig. 5-1. When the report is 
finished, the computer will return you to the above menu. Now press 
to return to the Main Menu and proceed to Step 6. 



Step 6. — Change Data 

This section allows you to change any of the data that you have already 
entered. Press on the Main Menu and the following screen will 
appear: 



17 



FEEDER PIG 



DATA FOR CHANGES 
-»-»->-»->4-»^-» ->->-»-»-> -»->■» 

A. MARKET PRICE <*/CWT> H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT <*/TDN) 

B. MARKET WEIGHT (LBS) I. LABOR <*/HR> 

C. MARKET EXPENSES<*/HD> J. OTHER OPERATING EXPS. <»/HD> 

D. PURCHASE PRICE <*/HD> K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YRC/.) 

E. STARTING WEIGHT (LBS/HD) L. FIXED COSTS(*/HD) 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES (*/HD) M. LABOR (HRS/HD) 

G. CORN PRICE <*/BU) N. DEATH LOSS (7.) 

O. FEEDING PROGRAM 



WHICH (A-O) <Z=NONE>? 

Pressing any letter from A through O will clear the screen and put the 
title of the data to be changed on the screen. If you want to change the 
date, the report title, or the number of hogs to be raised, you can go 
back to the "Enter Input Data" section on the Main Menu and make the 
change there. In general, if you have five or more items to change, it 
would be just as easy to use the "Enter Input Data" option rather than 
the "Change Data" option. For the purpose of this tutorial, you may 
select any of the choices for inspection but you will retain the default 
data simply by pressing in response to the cursor. This will 

always return you to the above menu where you can make another 
selection. When you have finished this section, press to return to 
the Main Menu and proceed to Step 7. 



Step 7. — Profit and Loss Report 

In this section you will review and print the Profit & Loss Report. 
Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following screen: 

PROFIT AND LOSS REPORT 

A) PRINT TO PRINTER 

B) PRINT TO SCREEN 

C) MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-C>" 



FEEDER PIG 



You should first select in order to view the report on the screen. As in 
the previous step, you will view one section of the report at a time, 
pressing to advance to the next section. After viewing the last 

section, you will be returned to the above menu. 

Select to print the complete Profit and Loss Report. The report 
printed out should look like the one in Fig. 6-1. When this report is 
finished, you will be returned to the above menu. Press to return to 
the Main Menu where you may proceed to Step 8. 



Step 8. — Alternative Price Relationships 

This section will allow you to review and print the various Alternative 
Price Relationships reports. A sample of what these reports should look 
like can be seen in Fig. 7-1. 

Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following screen 
(after some calculations are finished): 



ESTIMATED RETURN* BREAK -EVEN BUYING AND SELLING PRICES 
AND VALUE OF CORN 



A) 


PRINT TO PRINTER- 


EO 


PRINT TO SCREEN 


C) 


MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-C>? 



Select to display four different tables on the screen, one at a time. 
Select to print these tables on the printer. 

When the report is finished, you will automatically return to the Alterna- 
tive Price Relationship menu. Press to return to the Main Menu and 
proceed to Step 9. 



19 



FEEDER PIG 



Step 9. — What-lf? 

The What-lf? section will allow you to change any data items already 
entered and to see the resulting changes in the Profit/Loss(P/L) 
($/HD), Cost of Money(C/M) ($/HD), Value of Corn(V/C) ($/BU), 
Break-Even Buying Prices(B/B) ($/HD), and Break-Even Selling 
Prices(B/S) ($/CWT). A detailed explanation of these functions is given 
in Chapter 8. 

Select from the Main Menu to produce the following menu: 

WHAT- IF? 

A) PROFIT/LOSS (P/L) <*/HD) IF 

B> COST OF MONEY <C/M) <*/HD> IF 

C) VALUE OF CORN<V/C) <*/BU> IF 

D) BREAK-EVEN BUYING PRICES <B/B> (*/HD) IF 

E) BREAK-EVEN SELLING PRICES (B/S) <*/CWT> IF 

F) MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-F>? 

From this menu, you can select any of the above items for analysis. For 
this tutorial, press for "PROFIT/LOSS". An "INPUT DATA FOR 
ANALYSIS" memTwill appear. From this menu, press and the 
following screen will appear: 



A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE <*/CWT) 






V. CHANGE FROM 


P/L 


■/. CHANGE FROM 


ORIGINAL 


(*/HD) 


ORIGINAL 


ORIGINAL VALUE = 52 (0 "/.> 


• 1.90 


< 7.) 



NEW VALUE= 



This shows the screen using the default data. By selecting jjjj from the 
previous menu, the Market Price was brought up for analysis. The 
original default value was $52.00 which resulted in a profit of $1.90/hd. 
These are the figures you saw in the Profit and Loss Report. You will 
also notice that the computer is asking the question, "NEW VALUE = 
?". On typing a new value and pressing , a new value for the 

P/L will appear along with the value for "% CHANGE FROM 
ORIGINAL". For example, if you entered 48 for the new value, the new 



20 



FEEDER PIG 



P/L will be -$6.63/hd. The 48 is a change of -7.7% from the original 52 
and the -$6.63/hd is a -449.0% change from the original $1.90/hd. You 
may experiment with this function by entering new values and observ- 
ing the resulting changes. 

One other value also appears towards the bottom of the screen. This is 
the C/E RATIO which is the Cause and Effect Ratio. This is the ratio of 
the percent change in the P/L value to the percent change in the input 
data figure. All the values of the What-If? function are explained in detail 
in Chapter 8. You will notice at the bottom of the screen a one line menu 
that gives you a choice of CONTINUING, POINTING, N)EW 
INPUT DATA, W)HAT-IF, and M)AIN MENU. You can choose 
what you want to do next by pressing the first letter of any of these 
choices. After entering eight new values, a new one-line menu will 
appear that will give you the choice of CONTINUING TO CLEAR 
SCREEN AND START NEW VALUES or P)RINT RESULTS. 

After you have tried this function out, return to the Main Menu and pro- 
ceed to Step 10. 

Step 10. — Save and Load Data 

This function allows you to save data to or load data from the program 
disk. In other words, when you have entered your own data and created 
the desired reports, you may want to save this data for future use. You 
do this by pressing from the Main Menu. This will result in a Save or 
Load Data menu, which looks like this: 

->-»->-» -»-»^*->-»*-»*-»->^->^-»-> >-> 

SAVE OR LOAD INPUT DATA 
->-»->->4^->->->-»^-»->-»*->^4^>-> 

A. SAVE INPUT DATA TO DISK 

B. LOAD INPUT DATA FROM DISK 

C. MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-C>' 



21 



FEEDER PIG 



Press from this menu to get a menu that will give you the choice of 
five files in which to store your data. For this tutorial, store the default 
data in file PIG1 by pressing from this menu. When this is complete, 
you will be returned to the Main Menu. When you are through, you may 
return to the Save and Load section and retrieve the original data from 
the PIG1 file. 

To load this data back into the program, press from the Save or 
Load Data menu. Next, select one of the five files. Since you originally 
stored your default data in the PIG 1 file, retrieve it from this file by 
pressing After entering the data from the disk drive and making 
some calculations, the program will return you to the Main Menu. You 
may go back to one of the other functions to verify that the data load- 
ed correctly. 

You have now tried all the functions of this program. You should read 
Chapters 3 through 9 for detailed discussions of all the functions, data 
items, and reports. These chapters will help you to determine what 
input data to use and what the reports mean to you. Remember that the 
computer is only as accurate as the data you put in. It can manipulate 
the data very rapidly and can produce many useful reports but they are 
only as good as the data. The formulas for calculating the reports are 
accurate and have been tested thoroughly. The formulas never change, 
only the data that you enter changes. 



FEEDER PIG 

Chapter 3 
PRINT INPUT FORM AND ENTER INPUT DATA 



In order to use this program, you must enter data involving market in- 
formation, production information, and production costs. These ques- 
tions request information about purchasing feeder pigs, marketing the 
finished hogs, feed and other costs, and the feeding program. Press 
on the Main Menu to print an Input Form. This form is shown in Fig. 3-1 
and can be used to accumulate the needed data ahead of time. If this is 
not necessary then you may proceed by pressing (Enter Input Data). 
The computer will ask you for the date, your name or the name of the 
report, and the number of hogs to be raised: 

ENTER INPUT DATA 
PLEASE ENTER TODAY'S DATE U/1/B2) ? 



PLEASE ENTER YOUR NAME 

OR 
THE NAME OF THE REPORT (ABRI-CALC) 



PLEASE ENTER THE NUMBER OF HOBS YOU PLAN TO RAISE ( 100 ) ? 

This information will appear on some of the reports and helps to identify 
the report for future reference. The number of hogs will be used to 
calculate total amounts for the Profit/Loss report. After you answer 
these questions, the following screen will appear: 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE (*/CWT) ( 52 ) ? 

Each question will be stated in a brief form with the unit of measurement 
in parentheses, e.g., ($/CWT). Also in parentheses is the present value 
of this data already in the computer memory. You can keep this present 
value simply by pressing . You can enter a new value by typing 

the value at the cursor and then pressing . In either case, a new 

request for data will appear on the screen after you press 



23 



FEEDER PIG 



FEEDER PIG INPUT DATA 



PREPARED FOR: — DATA INPUT SHEET- 
DATEi 1/1/82 



MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE (*/CWT) 

B. MARKET WEIGHT (LBS) 

C. MARKETING EXPENSES <*/HD) 

D. PURCHASE PRICE OF FEEDER PIGS (*/HD> 

E. BEGINNING WEIGHT OF FEEDER PIGS (LBS/HD)- 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES (*/HD) 



II. PRODUCTION COSTS 



G. PRICE OF CORN (*/BU) 

H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT <*/TON) 

I. LABOR (*/HR> 

J. OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES (*/HD>- 

K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YEAR <%)— 

L. FIXED COSTS («/HD) 



III. PRODUCTION INFORMATION 



M. LABOR REQUIRED (HRS/HD)- 
N. DEATH LOSS <7.) 



IV. YOUR OWN RATION PROGRAM 



O. CORN FED (BU/HD) 

P. PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FED (LBS/HD) 

Q. FEEDING PERIOD (DAYS) 

Fig. 3-1. 

Each question is shown in the following section as it will appear on the 
computer screen. Following this, a more detailed description will be 
given. Then there is a detailed discussion of the input data. The follow- 
ing questions are in the same order as they will appear on your 
computer screen. 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE («/CWT) ( 52 ) ? 



24 



FEEDER PIG 



Expected Market Price at Market Time (Dollars per Hundred 
Weight) 

The expected market price is the price you feel that you will be able to 
get for your hogs at the end of the feeding period. This price is entered 
as dollars per hundred weight. 



I. 


MARKET INFORMATION 


E. 


MARKET WEIGHT (LBS) 


1) 


190 LBS 


2) 


200 LBS 


3) 


210 LBS 


4) 


220 LBS 


5) 


230 LBS 


6) 


240 LBS 


7) 


250 LBS 



MAKE SELECTION (1-7) ( 4 ) ? 

Market Weight at Market Time (Pounds) 

The expected market weight should be the average weight of the hogs 
at market time. The weight is entered in pounds. A choice of seven 
weights is given. Select the weight nearest the expected market weight 
by typing a number from 1 to 7 and pressing 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

C. MARKETING EXPENSES (»/HD) ( 1.5 ) ? 



Marketing Expenses When Hogs Are Marketed (Dollars per 
Head) 

The marketing expenses represent commission expenses, trucking, 
yardage, and any other miscellaneous costs that you have to pay when 
you market your hogs. Enter this expense as dollars per head. 

Note: If the expected market price entered in question A is a net price 
(market price less marketing expenses), then you should enter a zero 
for marketing expenses here. 



25 



FEEDER PIG 



I. MARKET INFORMATION 

D. PURCHASE PRICE OF FEEDER PIGS <*/HD) ( 35 ) ? 

Purchase Price of Feeder Pigs (Dollars per Head) 

The purchase price of feeder pigs should be the price you expect to pay 
for the feeder pigs. Enter this as dollars per head. 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

E. BEGINNING WEIGHT OF FEEDER PIGS (LBS/HD) 

1) 30 LBS 

2) 40 LBS 

3) 50 LBS 

4) 60 LBS 

5) 70 LBS 

6) 80 LBS 

7) 90 LBS 

8) 100 LBS 

MAKE SELECTION (1-8) < 3 ) ? 

Starting Weight of Feeder Pigs (Pounds per Head) 

The starting weight of the feeder pig should be the average weight in 
pounds per head. A choice of eight weights is given. Select the weight 
nearest the expected (or actual) beginning weight by typing a number 
from 1 to 8 and pressing 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES <*/HD) ( 1.5 ) ? 

Total Purchase Expenses (Dollars per Head) 

Purchase expenses include items such as commission, trucking, etc., 
that you have to pay when you purchase feeder pigs. 

Note: If the total cost (including purchase expenses) of purchasing 
feeder pigs was entered in question D, then enter a zero as the purchase 
expense in this question. 



FEEDER PIG 



1 1 . COSTS 

S. PRICE OF CORN <*/BU) < 3.3 ) ? 

Price of Corn Fed to the Hogs (Dollars per Bushel) 

This price is used to calculate part of the total expenses associated with 
finishing the feeder pigs. Feed costs will be calculated using this price 
along with the total corn requirement as specified in the default feeding 
program, or in your own ration program. 

II. COSTS 

H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT <*/TON) ( 320 ) ? 

Price of Supplement Fed to the Hogs (Dollars per Ton) 

The price of supplement is used to calculate part of the total expenses 
associated with the finishing of feeder pigs. Feed costs will be calculated 
using this price along with the total supplement requirement as speci- 
fied in the default feeding program, or in your own ration program. 

1 1 . COSTS 

I. LABOR <*/HR> < 5 ) ? 

Wage Rate of Operator Labor (Dollars per Hour) 

This cost is the wage rate for you and your family and is used in conjunc- 
tion with the labor required to calculate the desired return to operator 
labor. This labor cost does not include the cost of hired labor since it is 
included in "Other Operating Expenses" in question J. 

I I . COSTS 

J. OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES <*/HD) < 7 ) ? 

Cost of Other Operating Expenses (Dollars per Head) 

This category of costs should include: 

1. Veterinary Expenses 

2. Utilities 

3. Bedding 



FEEDER PIG 



4. Supplies 

5. Equipment repairs 

6. Power and Machinery Expenses 

7. Hired Labor 

8. Other Miscellaneous Operating Expenses 

All of the above costs should be on the basis of dollars per head. 



1 1 . COSTS 

K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YEAR (7.) ( 13 ) ? 

Rate of Interest on Borrowed Money (Percent Interest Rate) 

The percent interest rate should represent the rate of interest that you 
would need to pay if you borrowed money to purchase feeder pigs and 
feed. This rate will be used in calculating the total interest expenses. 
This rate will also be used to calculate the cost of money used in the 
Profit/Report and the What-If? section. You must realize that this is 
strictly an estimated figure that is used to lay out a budget. The cost of 
money is considered an expense item and is subtracted from the 
expected profit in order to derive a realistic net profit that reflects all 
possible costs. 

I I . COSTS 

L. FIXED COSTS <*/HD) ( 6 ) ? 

The Fixed Costs Associated with Raising Feeder Pigs (Dollars 
per Head) 

The fixed cost should include: 

1. Cost of depreciation 

2. Interest on the investment in facilities and equipment 

3. Property taxes 

4. Insurance on the animals and facilities 

III. PRODUCTION INFORMATION 

M. LABOR REQUIRED (HRS/HD) ( 1 ) ? 



28 



FEEDER PIG 



Total Labor Required (Hours per Head) 

This requirement should represent only the labor supplied by you and 
your family. The cost of hired labor was included in "Other Operating 
Expenses" entered in question J. The labor requirement is used with 
question I to calculate the labor expense figure shown in the Profit 
Analysis Report. 

III. PRODUCTION INFORMATION 
N. DEATH LOSS <%> ( 3 ) ? 

Proportion of Pigs Expected to Die (Percent) 

The death loss rate should be the percentage of the purchased pigs that 
you expect to die. This figure will be used in the calculation of gross 
sales to reflect the assumed death loss. 

At this point you will be asked: 

III. PRODUCTION INFORMATION 

DO YOU WISH TO ENTER YOUR OWN RATION PROSRAM <Y/N) (Y) ? 

If you are going to use the default values for the feeding program, type 
and press . If you use the default values, the computer will 

select data from a built-in table which has the same information as Table 
1 on page 31. Table 1 gives average daily gain, corn fed, and supplement 
fed based on the beginning and finished weight. As can be seen, the 
ADG, Corn, and Supp figures depend on both the beginning and finish- 
ing weight of the hog. 

If you answer "yes" by typing to the question, the computer will ask 
you three questions. These are as follows: 

III. PRODUCTION INFORMATION 

DO YOU WISH TO ENTER YOUR OWN RATION PROGRAM <Y/N) (Y) ? 

O. CORN FED (BU/HD) < 9.6 ) ? 

P. PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FED (LBS/HD) < 107 ) ? 

Q. FEEDING PERIOD <DAYS) < 135 > ? 



29 



FEEDER PIG 



The Amount of Corn Fed Each Hog During Growth (Bushels per 
Head) 

This figure represents the amount of corn you feed each hog during the 
total feeding period and should be given in bushels per head. The figure, 
along with the price of corn, will be used to calculate the total cost of 
corn in the Profit Analysis Report. This figure is also used to calculate 
the interest on feed. 



30 



FEEDER PIG 



Table 1. Average Daily Gain (ADG), Corn Consumption, And 
Protein Supplement (SUPP) Consumption Required For 
Hogs Of Various Beginning And Finish Weights 








Finish Weight 








190 


200 210 


220 


230 


240 250 




30 


1.14 

7.90 

96 


1.18 1.21 

8.50 9.20 

102 109 


1.23 
9.90 

116 


1.26 1.29 1.31 ADG 
10.60 11.40 12.10 Corn (bu) 
123 131 138 Supp(lbs) 


B 
E 
G 
I 

N 
N 
I 

N 
G 

W 
E 
I 

G 
H 
T 


40 


1.19 

7.60 

89 


1.21 1.24 

8.20 8.90 

96 102 


1.27 

9.60 

109 


1.30 
10.30 

117 


1.32 1.34 ADG 
11.10 11.90 Corn (bu) 
124 132 Supp (lbs) 


50 


1.22 

7.20 

85 


1.25 1.28 

7.90 8.60 

91 98 


1.31 

9.30 

104 


1.32 1.35 1.38 ADG 
10.00 10.80 11.50 Corn (bu) 
112 119 127 Supp(lbs) 


60 


1.25 

6.90 

79 


1.28 1.31 

7.50 8.20 

86 92 


1.33 

8.90 

99 


1.36 1.39 1.40 ADG 
9.60 10.40 11.10 Corn(bu) 
107 114 122 Supp (lbs) 


70 


1.29 
6.50 

74 


1.31 1.34 

7.10 7.80 

80 87 


1.37 

8.50 

94 


1.40 1.41 1.44 ADG 
9.20 10.00 10.80 Corn (bu) 
101 109 116 Supp (lbs) 


SO 


1.32 

6.10 

68 


1.35 1.37 

6.70 7.40 

74 81 


1.40 

8.10 

88 


1.42 

8.80 

95 


1.44 1.47 ADG 
9.50 10.30 Corn (bu) 
103 110 Supp (lbs) 




90 


1.35 

5.60 

61 


1.38 1.40 

6.20 6.90 

68 74 


1.42 

7.60 

81 


1.45 

8.30 

89 


1.48 1.49 ADG 
9.10 9.90 Corn(bu) 
96 104 Supp (lbs) 




100 


1.38 

5.10 

55 


1.40 1..42 

5.80 6.50 

61 68 


1.45 

7.20 

75 


1.48 

7.90 

82 


1.50 1.52 ADG 
8.60 9.40 Corn (bu) 
90 97 Supp (lbs) 























FEEDER PIG 



The Amount of Protein Supplement Fed Each Hog During 
Growth (Pounds per Head) 

This amount represents the quantity of supplement you feed each hog 
during the total feeding period and should be given in pounds per head. 
This value, along with the price of supplement, will be used to calculate 
the total cost of protein supplement in the Profit Analysis Report. It is 
also used to calculate the interest on feed. 

Total Length of Feeding Period (Days) 

For this question, you need to supply the total length of the feeding 
period for your hogs. This figure will be used to calculate the Average 
Daily Gain. It is also used to calculate the cost of money since this is the 
period for which the money outlay will be needed. 

After completing the "ENTER INPUT DATA" section, you will be auto- 
matically returned to the Main Menu. At this point, you may choose to 
do one of the following: 

1. D) Data Report — This section allows you to review all input data 
on the computer screen or print the Input Data Report. From this 
report you can determine if all your data is correct. If you need to 
change any data, proceed to the next section. 

2. C) Change Data — In this section, you will be given a complete 
menu of all the input data. You may then select any individual data item 
to change. 

3. E) Profit And Loss Report — This section allows you to review 
the Profit Report on the computer screen or print it on your printer. 

4. F) Alternative Price Relationships — This section shows the 
effect various price relationships have on the profitability of feeding 
hogs along with the various break-even buying and selling prices. The 
value received for corn is also calculated. The results can be viewed on 
the computer screen or printed out on paper. 

5. G) What-If? — The "What-If?" section allows you to change any 
data already entered and see the resulting changes in the 



32 



FEEDER PIG 



Profit/Loss(P/L) ($/hd). Cost of Money(C/M) ($/hd), Value of 
Corn (V/C) ($/BU), Break - Even Buying Prices (B/B) ($/HD), and 
Break- Even Selling Prices(B/S) ($/CWT). 

6. H) Save And Load Data — This part of the program allows you to 
save the data that you entered into the computer. It also allows you to 
recover data previously saved. 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 4 
CHANGE DATA 



This section allows you to change any of the data already entered into 
the computer. It gives you a menu of all input data and allows you to 
select any of the data items for change. It also shows you what the 
present data is and gives you the option of keeping or changing it. 

Select from the Main Menu. The computer screen will display the 
following: 

-»-»-»~»->->-»->4-»^->-»-»-»-»4. 

DATA FOR CHANGES 

A. MARKET PRICE (»/CWT) H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT <*/TON) 

B. MARKET WEIBHT(LBS) I. LABOR <»/HR> 

C. MARKET EXPENSES <*/HD> J. OTHER OPERATING EXPS. (*/HD) 

D. PURCHASE PRICE (*/HD> K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YRC/.) 

E. STARTING WEIGHT (LBS/HD) L. FIXED COSTS(*/HD) 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES <*/HD> M. LABOR (HRS/HD) 

G. CORN PRICE <*/BU) N. DEATH LOSSC/.) 

O. FEEDING PROGRAM 



WHICH <A-0> <Z=NONE)? 

Press any letter from through (you do not need to press 
since this is a flashing cursor) to clear the screen and put the title of the 
data to be inspected and changed on the screen. For example, if you 
select from the preceding menu, this screen will appear: 

I. MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE <*/CWT) ( 52 ) ? 

This screen gives you the title of the data to be considered and the value 
of the data presently in the computer. You now have two options. If you 
decide to retain the present data, simply press and you will be 

returned to the Data for Changing menu, where you can select other 
data for changing or return to the Main Menu. If you decide to change 
the data, just type in the new value and press . The new data 

has now replaced the old data in the computer's memory. (Remember 
that the default data is a permanent part of the program and will be 



FEEDER PIG 



recovered when you reload the program. Also remember that the data 
you Saved on the disk will still be there and can still be recovered.) 

After you have changed the data, you will go back to the Data for 
Changing menu where you can select another data item for change or 
return to the Main Menu. After each piece of data is entered, the 
computer will recalculate all values and be ready to run any of the 
reports you want. 



36 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 5 
DATA REPORT 

This section will produce a Data Report of all the input data that is 
presently in the computer. This is either the data you just entered or 
data retrieved from one of the data files. 

Selecting from the Main Menu will display the following menu after 
some calculations are completed: 

INPUT DATA REPORT 

A) PRINT TO PRINTER 

B) PRINT TO SCREEN 

C) MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-C)" 



If you select from the above menu, the computer will remind you to 
set the printer head to the top of the page and turn the printer on, if it is 
not on already. When the printer is ready, it will print out the Input Data 
Report. An example of this report using the default data is shown in Fig. 

5-1. 

FEEDER PIG INPUT DATA 



PREPARED FOR: A6RI-CALC 
DATE: 1/1/82 



I. MARKET INFORMATION 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE <*/CWT> »52.00 

B. MARKET WEIBHT <LBS) 220.00 

C MARKETING EXPENSES <»/HD) *1.50 

D. PURCHASE PRICE OF FEEDER RIBS (*/HD) *35.00 

E. BEBINNINB WEIBHT OF FEEDER PIGS (LBS/HD)- 50.00 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES (*/HD) *1.50 



Fig. 5-1. 



37 



II. PRODUCTION COSTS 

B. PRICE OF CORN (»/EU) *3,30 

H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT (*/TON) S320.00 

I. LABOR (*/HR) *5.00 

J. OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES (*/HD) $7.00 

K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YEAR <*/.) 13,00 

L. FIXED COSTS (»/HD) *6.00 



III. PRODUCT I ON I NFORMAT I ON 

M. LABOR REQUIRED (HRS/HD) 1.00 

N. DEATH LOSS <%) 3.00 



IV. YOUR OWN RATION PROGRAM 

0. CORN FED (BU/HD) 9.60 

P. PROTEIN SUPPLEMENT FED (LBS/HD) 107.00 

Q. FEEDING PERIOD <DAYS> 135.00 

Fig. 5-1. — coot 

Select from the above menu to view the Input Data Report one 
section at a time on the computer screen. Since the report is longer 
than the 16 lines available on the screen, it will be displayed in sections. 
After you look at each section, go to the next section by pressing 



Select to return to the Main Menu. 



FEEDEM FIG 



Chapter 6 

PROFIT/LOSS REPORT 



Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following menu after 
some calculations are completed: 

-»-»-»-»-»->•»-»-»■»-»-»->-»-»-»-»-»-»->-»-»-» 

PROFIT AND LOSS REPORT 
-»->-»•»-»■»-»-»->-»-»-»-»-»-»-»-»-»-»->-»-»■» 

A) PRINT TO PRINTER 

B) PRINT TO SCREEN 

C) MAIN MENU 



WHICH (A-O? 

Select to print the complete Feeder Pig Profit & Loss Analysis 
Report. This report is less than 66 lines long and will fit on one sheet of 
normal 8% in. x 11 in. paper. A sample report is shown in Fig. 6-1. 



FEEDER PIS PROFIT 8, LOSS ANALYSIS 



BUDBET FOR: ASRI-CALC 
DATE! 1/1/82 



PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE 
PURCHASE WEIBHT<LBS) 
SELLING WEIGHT (LBS) 
TOTAL SAIN (LBS) 
AVERAGE DAILY GAIN (LBS/DAY ) 
DAYS ON FEED 
TOTAL FEED FED (LBS) 

VALUE OF PRODUCTION 
SALES <* 52 /CWT) 
PURCHASE COST 
GROSS MARGIN 



FEED REQUIREMENTS ?< COST 
CORN 9.6 BU AT * 3.3 
PROTEIN SUPP 107 LBS 
AT • .16 /LB 

TOTAL FEED COSTS 



/BU 



HEAD 


/CWT 


/CWT 


7. OF 




SOLD 


SAIN 


SALES 


50.00 








220.00 








170.00 








1.26 








135 








645 




394 





• 110.97 *52.00 «67,91 1007. 
*35.00 »16.40 *21.42 327. 
♦ 75.97 *41.00 »46,49 687. 



«31. 


,68 


♦ 14. 


,B5 


»19. 


,39 


29?/. 


*17. 


. 12 


•8. 


,02 


*10. 


,48 


157. 


*4B. 


.80 


S2J2! ( 


,87 


*29, 


, B7 


447. 



Fig. 6-1. 



FEEDER PIG 



*3. 


. 00 


«1. 


,41 


*1. 


84 


3% 


• 7. 


. 00 


*3. 


.28 


$4. 


,28 


67. 


*10. 


, 00 


*4. 


,69 


»6. 


12 


9% 


*5B, 


,80 


*27, 


.55 


$35, 


,99 


53V. 



OTHER VARIABLE EXPENSES 
SELLING & BUYING COSTS 
OPERATING EXPENSES 

TOTAL VARIABLE EXPENSES 

TOTAL FEED i, OTHER VAR. EXP. 



RETURNS TO COVER 

LABOR, MBT., FACIL., S< RISK — *17.17 *8.04 »10.51 157. 

LESS LABOR EXPENSES *5.00 $2.34 *3.06 57. 

MBT., FACILITIES, 8< RISK *12.17 *5.70 $7.45 117. 

LESS FIXED EXPS. (FACIL. ) $6.00 *2.B1 *3.67 57. 

PROFIT (-LOSS) *6. 17 $2.89 *3.77 67. 

LESS COST OF MONEY INVESTED 

DURING 135 DAYS ON FEED AT A 

13 7. ANNUAL INTEREST RATE.- *4.27 *2.00 $2.61 47. 

NET PROFIT (-LOSS) *1.90 »0.B9 »1.16 27. 



SUMMARY OF TOTALS (BASED UPON 100 HOBS) 

SALES $11,096.80 
LESS: 

PURCHASE COST $3,500.00 

FEED COST *4,B80.00 

VARIABLE COST * 1,000. 00 

LABOR *500.00 

FIXED EXPENSES *600.00 

COST OF MONEY $426.68 

NET PROFIT *190. 12 

Fig. 6-1 — cont. 

Select to view the report on the screen. Since the screen can display 
only 16 lines, smaller sections of the report will appear at a time. After 
you review each section, press to advance to the next section. 

Select to return to the Main Menu. 

The Profit and Loss Report shows returns and expenses per head, per 
hundred weight sold, and per hundred weight gain. The report also 
shows the cost of money invested during the feeding period at the 
specified annual interest rate and the summary of totals based on the 
number of hogs raised. 

The next section goes over this report item by item. Please refer to Fig. 
6-1 while reading this section. 



40 



FEEDER PIG 



Production Performance — This section presents the production 
performance based on the data entered and various calculations that 
the computer does for you. 

Purchase Weight (Lbs) — This is the weight selected under part "E" 
of the Data Entry section. 

Selling Weight (Lbs) — This is the weight selected under part "A" of 
the Data Entry section. 

Total Gain (Lbs) — The total gain is the difference between the selling 
weight and the purchase weight. 

Average Daily Gain (Lbs/Day) — The average daily gain represents 
the gain necessary to achieve the gain required for the days the animals 
are on feed. If you use the default ration program, this value is selected 
from a built-in table in the computer. If you use your own ration pro- 
gram, this figure is calculated by dividing the total weight gain by the 
number of days on feed. 

Days on Feed — In the default ration program, this figure is calculated 
by dividing the total weight gain by the average daily weight gain. If you 
use your own ration program, you specify the feeding period (the 
number of days on feed). 

Total Feed Fed (Lbs) — This is the total amount of corn and supple- 
ment fed the hog during the days on feed. These amounts are supplied 
either by the default ration program or by your own ration program. 
The feed fed per hundred weight gain is this figure divided by the total 
hundred weight gain which takes into account the death loss. 

Value of Production — This gives you the difference between the 
purchase price and the selling price. 

Sales ($52/CWT) — The sales value per head is the sales price per 
hundred weight multiplied by the average weight of the market hogs 
sold. This calculation takes into account the death loss and is calculated 
as follows: 

sales = price of market hogs/cwt x sale weight in cwt x (1-death rate) 



41 



Based on the default values and tutorial example values, this would be: 

$52.00 x 2.20 lbs x (1-.03) = $110.97 

Sales per hundred weight sold is equal to sales divided by selling weight 
after death loss is taken into account. 

Sales per hundred weight gain is equal to sales divided by the total 
hundred weight gain after death loss is taken into account. 

Purchase Cost — This cost represents the original cost of the feeder 
pigs per head, per cwt sold, and per cwt gain. 

Gross Margin — The gross margin is the difference between the sell- 
ing price and the purchase cost. This value is given as a per head, per 
cwt sold, and a per cwt gain value. 

Feed Requirements and Cost — This represents the cost of feeding 
your pigs and is calculated using the feed prices and the feed require- 
ments specified in the default or your own ration program. 

Corn 9.6 BU at $3.3/BU — This figure is the result of multiplying the 
total corn required per hog times the cost of corn per bushel. The 
amount is the total cost of corn fed per head, per cwt sold, and per cwt 

gain. 

Protein Supp 107 Lbs At $.16/Lb — This figure is the result of multi- 
plying the total protein supplement required (lbs) per hog times the cost 
of supplement per pound. It is given as the total cost of supplement fed 
per head, per cwt sold, and per cwt gain. 

Total Feed Costs — This is the sum of the total corn and protein 
supplement cost. 

Other Variable Expenses — These expenses are all variable 
expenses not covered by production cost. 

Selling and Buying Costs — This variable expense is the sum of the 
marketing expenses ($/hd) and the purchase expenses ($/hd). It is 



given on a per head, per hundred weight sold and per hundred weight 
gain basis. 

Operating Expenses — This was entered as Other Operating 
Expenses ($/hd) and is expressed on a per head, per hundred weight 
sold and per hundred weight gain basis. 

Total Variable Expenses — This is the sum of the selling and buying 
costs and other operating expenses. 

Total Feed and Other Variable Expenses — This is the grand total 
of all feed and variable costs. 

Beturns To Cover 

Labor, Management, Facilities, and Risk — This figure is calculated 
by subtracting the total feed and other variable expenses from the gross 
margin. This represents the amount left after covering all expenses 
except labor, fixed costs, and the cost of money. 

Facilities, Management, and Risk — This is the amount left after 
subtracting the labor expenses from the above amount and represents 
the amount left after covering all expenses except fixed costs and the 
cost of money. 

Profit — This figure is the amount left after subtracting the facilities 
cost from the above amount and represents the return to management 
and risks. It is the amount that is left for the operator (you) after all 
expenses except the cost of money have been subtracted. 

Net Profit — This figure is calculated by subtracting the cost of money 
from the above profit figure. The cost of money figure is based on the 
rase of money during the feeding period and is figured at the annual 
interest rate which was entered earlier. The cost of money represents 
the cost of the money invested in feed, animals, purchase expenses, 
labor, other operating costs, and fixed costs. The cost of money is 
calculated as follows: 



FEEDER PIG 



cost of money ($) = (cost of animals + corn cost + fixed expenses x 
interest rate x number of days on feed/365 + 1/2 (supplement + 
labor + other operating expenses) x interest rate x number of days 
on feed/365 

Summary of Totals (Based on 100 Hogs) — This section totals the 
above figures for sales, total costs, and net profit based on the number 
of hogs you specified. 



44 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 7 
ALTERNATIVE PRICE RELATIONSHIPS 



Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following menu after 
some calculations are completed: 



ESTIMATED RETURN, BREAK-EVEN BUYINB AND SELLING PRICES 
AND VALUE OF CORN 

A) PRINT TO PRINTER 

B) PRINT TO SCREEN 

C) MAIN MENU 



WHICH (A-O? 

Press from this menu to print the following four tables. 

1. Net Profit 

2. Break-Even Buying Prices 

3. Break-Even Selling Prices 

4. Value of Corn Fed to Hogs 

Press to produce the same charts on the computer screen, one chart 
at a time. 

Press to return to the Main Menu. 

What the Alternative Price Relationship Tables Mean 

In general, these tables show the effect that various price relationships 
have on the profitability of feeding hogs, break-even buying prices, 
break-even selling prices, and value received for corn. 

An example of the default (tutorial) tables is shown in Fig. 7-1. The 
following section discusses what each table means. 



45 



NET PROFIT <«/HD> IF — 



PURCHASE 






SELL] 


[NG PI 


RICE<»/CWT 


) lb 




PRICE <«/HD) 


•48. 


,00 


• 50, 


,00 


•52.00 


*54 . 00 


•56.00 


$31 . 00 


-»2. 


.44 


*1. 


,83 


•6.09 


•10.36 


•14.63 


•33.00 


-•4. 


,54 


-*0. 


,27 


•4.00 


•8.27 


• 12.53 


•35.00 


-«6, 


,63 


-♦2, 


.37 


• 1 . 90 


•6.17 


•10.44 


•37.00 


-*8. 


, 73 


-»4. 


,46 


-»0. 19 


•4.07 


•B.34 


•39.00 


-•10. 


.83 


-•6, 


.56 


-•2.29 


• 1.98 


•6.24 



BREAK-EVEN BUYING PRICES («/HD) TO COVER ALL COST- 



SELL I NG 
PRICE (*/CWT) 

•48.00 
•50.00 
♦52.00 
•54.00 
•56.00 



WHEN SUPPLEMENT PRICE IS •320.00/TON 8< 
CORN PRICE <»/BU) IS — 
•2.90 «3.10 *3.30 *3.50 



•32.51 
•36. 5B 
•40 . 65 
•44.73 
•48.80 



•30.59 
•34.66 
•38.73 
•42.81 
•46.88 



•2B.67 
♦32.74 
•36.81 
•40.89 
•44.96 



•26.75 
•30.82 
•34.89 
•38.97 
•43.04 



•3.70 



•24. B3 
S2B.90 
•32.97 
•37.05 
•41. 12 



BREAK-EVEN SELLING PRICES ( »/CWT) TO "COVER ALL COST- 



PURCHASE 
PRICE<^/HD) 

•31.00 
♦33.00 
•35.00 
•37.00 
•39.00 



WHEN SUPPLEMENT PRICE IS *320.00/TON & 

CORN PRICE <*/BU) IS — 

•2.90 «3. 10 »3.30 *3.50 



•47. 


.26 


♦48. 


,20 


•49. 


, 14 


•50. 


.09 


•51. 


.03 


•48. 


,24 


•49. 


IB 


•50. 


13 


•51. 


,07 


•52. 


,01 


• 49. 


. 22 


•50. 


, 17 


• 51. 


, 11 


•52. 


.05 


•53. 


.00 


•50. 


.21 


•51. 


15 


•52. 


,09 


•53. 


,03 


•53. 


,98 


•51, 


. 19 


•52. 


, 13 


•53. 


.07 


•54, 


.02 


♦54, 


.96 



VALUE OF CORN(*/BU) FED TO HOGS AFTER COVERING ALL COST- 



PURCHASE 
PRICE<»/HD) 

•31.00 
•33. 00 
•35.00 
♦37.00 
•39.00 



WHEN SUPPLEMENT PRICE IS ♦320.00/TON S< 

SELLING PRICE <«/CWT> IS 

•48.00 «50.00 052.00 *54.00 



•3 . 06 
♦2.85 
•2.64 
•2.43 
•2.22 



«3.4B 
•3.27 
•3.06 
•2.86 
•2.65 



•56.00 



•3.91 


•4.33 


•4.75 


•3.70 


•4.12 


•4.55 


•3.49 


• 3.91 


•4.34 


•3.28 


• 3.70 


•4. 13 


•3.07 


• 3.50 


• 3.92 



Fig. 7-1. 



46 



FEEDEH PIG 



Net Profit 

The first table showing Fig. 7-1 reports the net profit per head after 
covering all expenses. This can also be thought of as the total returns to 
cover management and risk. A negative number on this chart indicates 
that under that combination of purchase and selling prices, the returns 
are not sufficient to cover management and risk. This indicates that a 
larger return can be obtained by selling the feed and not feeding hogs. 

If you do not have an alternative use for the facilities and labor, you may 
decide to feed hogs even though all costs are not being covered. If the 
return is larger than the labor, fixed expenses and the cost of money 
then this price combination will generate sufficient revenues to pay all 
costs. 

As an example, from the default table, if the purchase price/hd were 
$31.00 and the selling price/cwt were $52.00, then the profit of $6.09 
would be realized after covering all cost, including the cost of money. 
This means that you can profitably invest your money in the feeder pig 
operation. 

Break-Even Buying Prices 

The second table of Fig. 7-1 represents the break-even buying prices 
that a producer could pay under alternative selling prices and corn 
prices. This is the maximum price a producer can pay for feeder pigs 
and still pay all expenses. In this case, the supplement price is held at 
the originally entered price and the corn price is varied over a range of 
plus and minus $0.20/bu from the originally entered price. 

As an example from this table, if the corn price is $3.50/bu and the 
expected selling price of the hog is $54.00/cwt, then the maximum that 
you can pay for feeder pigs is $38.97/hd. 

Break-Even Selling Prices 

The third table in Fig. 7-1 is the break-even selling prices required to 
cover all expenses under alternative purchase prices and corn prices. 
This is the minimum price a producer can sell his pigs for and still pay all 
expenses. In this case, the supplement price is held at the originally 



47 



FEEDER PIG 



entered price and the corn price is varied over a range of plus and 
minus $0.20/bu from the originally entered price. 

As an example from this table, if the corn price is $3.30/bu and the 
expected purchase price/hd is $37.00 then the minimum selling price to 
cover all expenses would be $52.09/cwt. 

Value of Corn Fed to Hogs 

This table gives the values received for corn under various purchase 
and market price combinations. The amounts in the table represent the 
value of corn after all other expenses have been paid. 

As an example, if the feeder pigs are purchased for $37.00/hd and 
market hogs are expected to be sold for $54.00/cwt, then the value of 
the corn fed to these hogs would be $3.70/bu. This return can be 
compared to the expected market price of corn to help you decide 
whether feeding hogs at this time would be profitable. 

When the last table has been printed or displayed on the screen, you 
will return automatically to the previous menu, which will allow you to 
print or display more charts or return to the Main Menu. 



48 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 8 

WHAT-IF? 



Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following screen 
after some calculations are completed: 

WHAT-IF? 

A) PROFIT/LOSS<P/L) («/HD) IF 

B> COST OF MONEY (C/M) <«/HD) IF 

C) VALUE OF CORN(V/C) (*/BU) IF 

D) BREAK-EVEN BUYINB PRICES (B/B) <»/HD) IF 

E) BREAK-EVEN SELLING PRICES <B/S) <*/CWT> IF 

F) MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-F>? 

Selecting any item from the above menu except for "Main Menu" will 
produce the following screen. For tutorial purposes, select which 
will allow you to analyze the profit/loss function. The other functions 
will be explained later. 

What-If? Analysis of the Profit/Loss Function 

^-»-»^-»4-»->4-»->^-»->^-»-»^->4-»->^-» 

INPUT DATA FOR ANALYSIS 
-»^->^-»-»+^^->-> -»-»->-> ->->->-)->-> »-> 

A. MARKET PRICE <»/CWT) H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT <«/TON) 

B. MARKET WEIGHT (LBS) I. LABOR <*/HR) 

C. MARKET EXPENSES (*/HD) J. OTHER OPERATING EXPS. <*/HD> 

D. PURCHASE PRICE <*/HD> K. CURRENT INTEREST .RATE/YR (7.) 

E. STARTING WEIGHT (LBS/HD) L. FIXED COSTS(»/HD) 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES <*/HD> M. LABOR (HRS/HD) 

G. CORN PRICE <*/BU) N. DEATH L0SS<7.) 

0. FEEDING PROGRAM 

WHICH (A-0) (Z=N0NE>? 

From this menu, any of the original data items can be selected for 
analysis by pressing the appropriate letter. The basic purpose of the 
"What-If?" function is to allow you to analyze completely the effect any 
item has on the profit/loss, cost of money, value of corn, break-even 



49 



FEEDER PIG 



buying prices, and break-even selling prices. In this example, you will be 
analyzing the final profit/loss figure. This corresponds to the bottom 
line figure on your Profit/Loss Report. The following example will first 
show the original value of the item selected and the outcome that 
results from this value together with the rest of the data presently in the 
computer. 

A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE (»/CWT) 
7. CHANGE FROM 
ORIGINAL 
ORIGINAL VALUE = 52 < O 7.) 



P/L 


7. CHANGE FR 


(*/HD> 


ORIBINAL 


* 1 . 90 


( 7.) 



NEW VALUE=? 

This screen shows an example using the default data. was selected 
from the "What-If?" menu in order to analyze the profit/loss function, 
was also selected from the "Input Data for Analysis" menu in order 
to analyze the market price. As you can see, the original default value 
for the market price was $52.00 which resulted in a profit of $1.90/hd, 
which is the same figure you got on the Profit/Loss Report in the 
tutorial section. Note that any changes made in the data in the What-If? 
section will not change the original values used or derived in the other 
sections of the program. When you return to any of the other sections, 
you will find all the data as you left it. 

When the above screen first appeared, it also requested a "NEW 
VALUE = ?". After you type a new value and press , as shown 

below, a new value for the P/L will appear along with values for "% 
CHANGE FROM ORIGINAL". The (-5.8%) figure indicates a -5.8% 
change from the original market price of $52.00 to the market price of 
$49.00. The (-336.7%) figure indicates a -336.7% change in the P/L 
figure from the original $1.90/hd to -$4.50/hd. 



A. EXPECTED MARKET PRICE <*/CWT) 
■/. CHANGE FROM 
ORIBINAL 
ORIBINAL VALUE = 52 < O 7.) 



NEW VALUE=7 
NEW VALUE=? 
NEW VALUED 
NEW VALUE=? 
NEW VALUED 
NEW VALUE=? 



49 
50 
51 

53 

54 

55 



-5.B 7.) 

-3.B X) 

-1.9 7.) 

1.9 7. ) 

3.8 X) 

5.8 7.) 



P/L 
(*/HD) 

* 1 . 90 

-*4 . 50 
-S2.37 
-S0.23 

• 4.04 
*6. 17 
*8.30 



7. CHANGE FROM 
ORIBINAL 
< */.) 

<-336.7 7.) 



(-224.5 
<-112.2 

< 112.2 

< 224.5 



7.) 
X) 
X) 
7.) 



( 



336.7 7.) 



(C/E RATIO = 58.05 ) 
OONTINUE, P.1RINT, N)EW INPUT DATA, 



W)HAT-IF. M)AIN MENU 



50 



FEEDER PIG 



Also notice, near the bottom of the screen, the value (C/E RATIO = 
58.05). This is the cause/effect ratio which is the ratio of the percent 
change in the P/L value to the percent change in the input data figure. 
In the first example, this would be (-336.7%)/(-5.8%) = 58.05. The C/E 
Ratio indicates the relative effect that changing the data item has on the 
P/L figure. A high number, such as in this example, indicates a rela- 
tively large effect. Other items such as "Interest on Feed & Animals" 
would have a smaller C/E ratio thus indicating a smaller effect. The 
cause/effect ratio will stay about the same when analyzing any one 
input data item. For each different data item analyzed, the C/E ratio will 
usually be different. 

Once you have entered the first new value and have seen the resulting 
percent changes and the new P/L figure, you may choose what you 
want to do next from the menu at the bottom of the screen. If you want 
to C)ONTINUE with the analysis, then press jlj. If you want to 
P)RINT the results displayed on the screen, then press |g| .Selecting fjj 
will take you back to the What-If? menu where you may select another 
function for analysis. Selecting jjj will take you back to the Input Data 
for Analysis menu where you can select another input for analysis. If 
you want to return to the M)AIN MENU, then press jj. 

When you have entered eight new values, a new one-line menu will 
appear at the bottom of the screen that will give you the choice of 
CONTINUING TO CLEAR SCREEN AND START NEW VALUES, 
or P)RINT RESULTS. 

It should be noted that certain variables will not affect the particular 
function you are analyzing. In the case of the P/L analysis, if you have 
selected the default ration program, then a selection of "O. FEEDING 
PROGRAM" from the Input Data for Analysis menu will produce a 
message stating that you must select your own ration program in order 
to analyze its effect. This can be done by going back to the Main Menu 
and selecting the "Q CHANGE DATA" section. You then can select 
the "O. FEEDING PROGRAM" section and select your own ration 
program at which time you can return to the What-If? section for 
further- analysis. 

An item that will have no effect when you are using your own ration 
program is the beginning weight. Since, in this case, you have 



FEEDER PIG 



determined the total days on feed, the corn fed, and the supplement 
fed, the beginning weight has no effect on the final profit. This is 
because the beginning weight is used only in conjunction with the 
market weight in the default feeding program to find the amount of 
corn, supplement, and the days on feed from the built-in table. 

What-If? Analysis of the Cost of Money (C/M) 

Selecting from the What-If? menu will produce the "Input Data for 
Analysis" menu. The cost of money corresponds to the figure given in 
the Profit/Loss Report except that you now can perform a What-If? 
analysis on it. This figure is based on how much money you might earn 
if you had taken the money spent on the feeding operation during the 
feeding period and invested it at the interest rate which you previously 
entered into the program. The final cost of money figure is given as 
dollars per head, which can be compared to the final dollars per head 
profit/loss figure. If the C/M figure exceeds the P/L figure, then you 
might want to reconsider whether investing in feeder pigs is the best 
thing to do right now. 

By changing different data items in the What-If? analysis for both P/L 
and C/M, you may be able to come up with a combination that would 
result in a better chance of the P/L exceeding the C/L amount. 
Remember that the data is only estimated when you are projecting a 
budget. Small differences in the P/L and C/M may not be enough on 
which to base a decision. You will have to use your judgment in such a 
case. If the difference between the P/L and C/M is larger, then a 
decision is easier to make. 

The C/M figure is based on the purchase price of feeder pigs, purchase 

expenses, cost of feed, labor, other operating expenses, fixed costs 

and the interest rate. The following data items from the "Input Data for 

Analysis" menu affect the C/M figure. All other items have no effect on 

C/M. 

D. PURCHASE PRICE 

F. PURCHASE EXPENSES 

H. PRICE OF SUPPLEMENT 

J. OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES 

K. CURRENT INTEREST RATE/YEAR 

O. FEEDING PROGRAM 



52 



FEEDER PIG 



If you selected the default feeding program, then the corn fed, supple- 
ment fed, and feeding period are fixed. If you select your own ration 
program, you can then vary these figures and see the resulting changes 
in the C/M figure. 

What-If? Analysis of the Value of Corn (V/C) 

Selecting from the What-If? menu will produce the "Input Data for 
Analysis" menu. The value of corn (V/C) figure corresponds to the 
figures given in Alternative Price Relationships section. The V/C figure 
represents the value received for corn after all expenses have been 
paid. The value calculated here can be compared to the expected corn 
price to provide additional information about whether feeding hogs at 
this time would be profitable. 

By selecting different variables from the "Input Data for Analysis" 
menu, you can see just what effect a particular variable has on the value 
of corn.- As in the other functions, certain data items have no effect on 
the V/C figure. In order for the items in the feeding program to have an 
effect, you must select your own feeding program and not the default 
program. If you are using your own feeding program, then the starting 
weight will have no effect since this figure is used only in the default 
feeding program. All other items will effect the V/C function except, as 
noted, when you use the default feeding program. 

What-If? Analysis of the Break-Even Buying Prices 

Selecting from the What-If? menu will produce the "Input Data for 
Analysis" menu. This break-even buying (B/B) figure corresponds to 
the figure given in the chart in the Alternative Price Relationship 
section. The B/B figure represents the maximum purchase price ($/hd) 
you can pay for feeder pigs and just pay all expenses. 

By selecting various items from the "Input Data for Analysis" menu, 
you can see the effect that different items have on the B/B figure. As 
before, if you use the default feeding program then items in this 
program will not change the B/B figure. Under your own feeding 
program, changing the starting weight will have no effect. In all cases, 
changing the purchase price will have no effect. 



53 



FEEDER PIG 



What-If? Analysis of the Break-Even Selling Prices 

Selecting from the What-If? menu will produce the "Input Data for 
Analysis" menu. The break-even selling (B/S) figure corresponds to the 
figures given on the Alternative Price Relationship charts. This figure 
represents the minimum selling price for the feeder pigs to just cover all 
costs. 

By selecting various items from the "Input Data for Analysis" menu, 
you can see the effect that different items have on the B/S figure. If you 
use the default feeding program, then the expected market weight and 
the items in the feeding program will have no effect on the B/S figure. 
Under your own feeding program, expected market weight and begin- 
ning weight will have no effect. All other items will effect the B/S figure 
to some degree. 

The What-If? function was developed to allow you complete flexibility 
in analyzing your feeder pig operation. After entering any set of costs 
and production data, you then can investigate the effect of changing 
any variable. Remember that with any new set of costs and production 
data, the effect of changing data can vary. With each new set of data, 
you should do a What-If? analysis to get an idea of how this particular 
model looks. Try a number of different combinations to get a dynamic 
view of how any particular function is affected. Remember that when 
you fill up the What-If? screen, you can print out the results on your 
printer for comparison with other What-If? screens. 



54 



FEEDER PIG 



Chapter 9 
SAVE AND LOAD DATA 



This section allows you to save and retrieve data that you have entered 
into the computer. This is your own data and overrides the "default 
data" that is permanently part of the program. With this option, you 
may save and retrieve data for five complete analysis programs. This 
allows you to save data and retrieve it at a later date for review or 
revision. If you need to save more than five sets of data, you can print 
out the Data Report. Since the entry time for the data is relatively short, 
you can use this method for data that may occasionally be used while 
using the save and load method for data that will be retrieved more 
often. 

Selecting from the Main Menu will produce the following menu: 
-»^-»4-»-»->^->-»->-»-»->^^->^-»->>-> 

SAVE OR LOAD INPUT DATA 
-»->->-» ->^->->->->^»-»->^->-»-»->->^ >-> 

A. SAVE INPUT DATA TO DISK 

B. LOAD INPUT DATA FROM DISK 

C. MAIN MENU 



WHICH (A-O? 

Selecting will allow you to save all the data presently in the com- 
puter. The data will be saved under a file name on your program disk. 
This will allow you to retrieve this set of data at a later date and recon- 
struct all the reports and charts created with this data set. 

Selecting will allow you to load any previously saved data. The data 
will be retrieved under the file name you assigned when you stored it. 

Selecting will return you to the Main Menu. 

Select to display the following: 



FEEDER PIG 



PLEASE SELECT ONE OF THE FOLLOWING FILE NAMES TO STORE DATA ON 

(RECORD THIS FILE NAME FOR USE WHEN RELOADING THIS DATA) 

A) PIG1 

B) PIB2 

C) PIG3 
D> PIS4 

E) PIGS 

F) RETURN TO MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-F>? 

This menu allows you to store up to five different data files. It also allows 
you to return to the Main Menu. If you need to save more than five files, 
you can always save the data report printout and reenter it later. You 
should record the file name, such as PIG1, so you can load the proper 
file at a future date. A good place to record this file name is on the print- 
out of the reports based on this data. This way, you can retrieve the 
data for modifications and revised reports at a later date. 

Select to display the following: 

^->->->->->->->->^->->^->->-»^->~>-> j >->->-» »-».->->->-»-»->->-»-»-»-» >->->-> ->->^-> ->->->-> 

PLEASE SELECT THE NAME OF THE FILE TO BE RETRIEVED 



A) 


pigi 


B) 


PIG2 


C) 


PI 63 


D) 


PIG4 


E) 


PIGS 


F) 


RETURN TO MAIN MENU 



WHICH <A-F>? 



The data stored in the file corresponding to the letter pressed will be 
retrieved from the disk and, after some calculations, you will be ready 
to continue the program with the new data. If you try to recover a file 
that does not have any data in it, the computer will tell you that there is 
no data in the file and tell you to press to try another file. It will 

then return you to the file selection menu. 



56 



FEEDER PIG 



INDEX 



Subject Page 

Alternative Price Relationships 19,45 

Average Daily Gain (ADG) 31 

Average Weight 26 

Beginning Weight 26 

Break-even Buying Price (B/B) 47 

Break-even Selling Price (B/S) 47 

Budget 11 

Cause/Effect Ratio (C/E) 51 

Change Data 17,35 

Computer Screen 13 

Corn Cost 27 

Corn Fed 27,30 

Cost of Money (C/M) 52 

Cursor 14 

Death Loss 29 

Default Data 45 

Default Feeding Program 51 

Enter Input Data 15,23 

ENTER Key 14 

Expected Selling Price 25 

Feed Costs 27 

Feeding Period 32 

Feeding Program 31 

Fixed Costs 28 

Gross Margin 42 

Input Data 17 

Input Data Form 23 

Input Data Report 17 

Interest on Feed 28 

Interest Rate 28 

Labor Cost 27 

Labor Required 29 

Load Data 21,55 

Load Program 13 

Main Menu 14 



57 



FEEDER PIG 

Subject Page 

Marketing Expenses 25 

Market Information 26 

Market Weight 25 

Operating Expenses 27,43 

Other Operating Expenses 27 

Other Variable Expenses 42 

Per Head 25 

Per Hundred Weight Gain 41 

Per Hundred Weight Sold 41 

Printer 15 

Production Costs 24 

Production Information 24 

Production Performance 41 

Profit 43 

Profit Analysis 39 

Profit and Loss Report (P/L) 18,39 

Protein Supplement Fed 32 

Purchase Expenses 26 

Purchase Price 26 

Reports 39 

Sales 41 

Save Data 21 

Supplement Cost 27,55 

Total Expenses 44 

Total Feed Costs 42 

Total Feed Fed 41 

Total Gain 41 

Total Variable Expenses 43 

Tutorial 13 

Units of Measurement 23 

Value of Corn Fed (V/C) 48,53 

Value of Production 41 

What-If? 20,49 



58 



pnpinni 





ADVANCED OPERATING SYSTEMS 

A Division of Howard W Sams A Co , Inc, 

450 St. John Road 
Suite 792 

Michigan City, IN 46360 
(219)879-4693 



26083 



ISBN: 0-672-26083-2